Winches have many benefits, but they often need more work to install. So, if you are wondering how to install a winch on an ATV easily and faster, we have covered you in this article.
Let me give you a concise overview of the lengthy winch installation process.
Begin by choosing the correct mounting location for the winch. Once you have found the perfect spot, position the winch plate and attach it to the mount using bolts. After this step, you must install your ATV winch onto its designated mounting plate. Now, the crucial part is wiring winch accurately. Now test out your new ATV winch by pulling on objects of varying weights to make sure everything functions correctly before taking off into those challenging terrains.
We have elaborated all the steps mentioned above and our step-by-step guide can help you install your ATV winch easily and quickly without any hassle. This will save you money and time as you don’t have to wait for and seek professional help.
Jump To Contents
- Pre-installation Rituals
- Install the Winch on Your ATV
- Disconnect the Battery
- Combine the Cables and Circuit Breaker
- Lift Your ATV
- How to Remove the Front Bumper
- Mounting ATV Winch
- Set Up ATV Winch
- Skid Plate
- Install the winch solenoid
- Connect with the Solenoid
- Install the Winch Control
- Connect It
- Connect the Battery to the ATV
- Troubleshooting Tips for Successful ATV Winch Installation
- Bottom Line
After you have purchased the right ATV winch for you, you need to install it properly. But before making your hands dirty, you must accomplish several pre-installation tasks to ensure the installation is successful.
How to select a mounting location for your ATV winch?
The perfect location for mounting your ATV winch depends on various factors. The most crucial determinant is what type of winch you have and its weight capacity. Typically, a front-mounted winch is best for larger ATVs that can handle heavier loads without experiencing tipping or imbalance issues. However, a rear-mounted winch might be more suitable if you have a smaller ATV (meant for kids and novice off-roaders) with less horsepower or weaker suspension.
Another factor to consider is the intended use. If you plan on using your winch mainly for off-roading adventures, then go for a front mount since this is where most obstacles and mud pits occur. Conversely, a rear mount would work better if you need your ATV to haul heavy loads, such as logs or rocks, in remote locations without room for turning around easily.
There is no one-size-fits-all answer when choosing an ideal mounting location. Instead, weighing up all factors and picking what suits your needs best is wise. However, a front mount is the most popular option considering accessibility and convenience when installing an ATV winch.
You don’t want to struggle with reaching behind or underneath the vehicle when using the winch. That’s why many riders prefer installing their units on sturdy bumpers in the front – easy to access from either side of their ATVs.
Purchase a Winch Mount Matching Your ATV Winch Size
A winch mount is an essential accessory for installing an ATV winch. Because ATVs mostly tend to come without an assigned location for mounting a winch. So, you need winch-specific mounting plates set first.
Mounting that plate and brackets may require some modifications with the factory bumpers in your ATV. Either remove it or check if it has a place to accommodate a winch. In either case, you need a winch mount (mounting plate and brackets) to accomplish the installation.
But you must ensure the target mount will provide reliable support when pulling heavy loads or getting out of challenging situations on off-road adventures.
With many different styles available, you can select one that suits your needs by considering several factors – weight capacity (often referred to as winch size), compatibility with your ATV model, ease of installation or removal, and more. A well-designed mounting system lets you quickly attach or detach your winch without any hassle. You must have determined the weight capacity while choosing an ATV winch for your need.
Tools needed to install an ATV winch
Installing an ATV winch requires a specific set of tools. To be sure, check your winch manufacturer’s instructions to know precisely what tools you’ll need before starting. However, here is a list of the most common tools for installing a winch on your ATV.
- Voltage meter
- Flat washer
- Floor Jack or Jack Stand
Install the Winch on Your ATV
Suppose you have purchased the perfect winch mount matching your winch size, determined the right mounting location, and arranged all the tools and materials. Now, it’s a matter of executing the instructions step-by-step, as said below.
Disconnect the Battery
First and foremost, disconnect your ATV’s battery to be safe and avoid getting electrocuted, and then pre-assemble the ATV’s positive cables and the circuit breaker.
Combine the Cables and Circuit Breaker
- Take the positive cables and the circuit breaker.
- Using electrical tape, attach them with the battery’s negative cable (any one of them) at one ft. intervals, which starts right after the circuit breaker.
- Combine the solenoid and its bracket.
Lift Your ATV
Before installing, you must remove the front bumper and lower the front skid plate. Block the wheels at the back (rear wheels) and lift the front side of your ATV using a jack stand or floor jack.
How to Remove the Front Bumper
Take a screwdriver to remove the screws and bolts holding your front bumper to your ATV. Then, slowly and gently pull the bumper from its position. Ensure you are extra careful while pulling it out, so you do not accidentally break or damage any part of your ATV or the bumper itself.
Remove Front Wheels and Gauge Support
Now, you will have to remove the front wheels and the inner fenders to make it easier for you to work. Push in on the two sides of the gauge support’s leading edge and pull up. You will also have to remove the console and then the side panels.
Remove the Console and Side Panels
To remove the console, unbolt it and take it out by hand, and you are done! Removing side panels is easy! Remove the ATV seat, and hold the side panel’s rear panel near the cab. Then pull the panel outward to disengage, downwards, and to the rear to remove it. Do the same with the other side.
Mounting ATV Winch
Some mounting brackets can be mounted before installing the winch. You can check your manuals to see if it is the case with the winch, you have chosen and mount it.
Set Up ATV Winch
Attach the blue cables with the winch’s blue dot. Repeat the same with the yellow wires. Rub some grease on the cables. This will seal their connections.
Your next step is disengaging the winch clutch and pulling out almost 30 inches of the cable. Stick in the yellow control clutch button and the wire from the right side of your ATV. Tighten the winch; your manual should specify how tight the parts should be.
Remember the skid plate we had removed before? Now put it back the way you took it out, put the winch cable through it, and remove one of the horizontal rollers so the wires can go through it. Install the cable guide for the winch, tighten the nuts, and screw back the horizontal roller.
Install the winch solenoid
When installing a winch solenoid, follow a few key steps. First and foremost, you’ll need to locate an appropriate spot for the solenoid on your vehicle or ATV. This often depends on the specific make and model of your machine as well as personal preference. Once you have a location in mind, ensure that it is easily accessible and won’t be prone to damage or obstruction during use. Most often, it is an open rectangular box beside the ATV battery (Shown in the picture).
After determining where the winch solenoid will go, you’ll need to mount it securely using bolts or other hardware.
Connect with the Solenoid
Remove the upper shock retaining nut; you will not need it any longer, and put in the solenoid support. Secure it well. Do with the studs what you did with the winch cables and tighten the wiring to keep things in place. Apply adequate dialectic grease to the connections and the terminals’ protective caps. Use locking ties to secure the frame and power cable.
After installation is done, testing winch solenoid is a must by engaging the controls from both inside and outside of your ATV. Check that the cable retracts smoothly, without any erratic movement or jerking motions which could indicate an issue with installation or alignment.
Install the Winch Control
This step is easy! Install it on the ATV’s handlebar (ensure it is on the left side). The harness should be toward the connector at the front. Use locking ties again to secure it well so it does not fall off. Unclip your fuse box and pull the box out.
Take the double-ended female wires and connect them to the male ones. Apply grease as before to secure the connection. Connect the solenoid cables to the solenoid and secure the nut, and make sure to secure the power assembly wires from the solenoid with locking ties as you bring them near the battery. Take care that the wiring is compatible with the winch fuse size. Use grease again and put caps on the terminals.
Connect the Battery to the ATV
Use more locking ties to keep the wires attached to the frame. Connect the ATV’s positive cables with the battery’s positive post and use a protective cap for the red terminal. Repeat the same step with the negatives. And reassemble your ATV and check if your winch is working.
And we are done!
Troubleshooting Tips for Successful ATV Winch Installation
Installing an ATV winch can be a challenging process. Here are some common problems and solutions that you may encounter:
- To make sure your ATV winch gets sufficient amp delivery to run smoothly, it’s essential to inspect the solenoid wiring and guarantee that it is securely connected to the battery.
- If the winch runs slowly or inconsistently, ensure all connections are tight and secure and that there is no corrosion on any terminals.
- Are you becoming frustrated by frequent stalls while using your ATV winch? It could be the worn-out clutch causing these issues. Make sure to consistently check the clutch for signs of deterioration so that you can take preventive measures before it’s too late!
- Are you dealing with an ATV winch motor that can’t lug your load when fully engaged? If so, the easiest solution is upgrading it for greater power output. Doing this will ensure your ATV has no issues pulling whatever weight necessary.
- If your ATV winch does not pull evenly, it may be due to tension on the cable or an uneven roller on the drum. Ensure all parts are correctly aligned and tightened before using your ATV winch again.
Do all winches for ATVs mount the same way?
No, not all winches for ATVs mount the same way. Depending on your type of ATV and the size of the winch you are installing, you may need to adjust how it is mounted. Consult your manufacturer’s instructions before attempting to install a new winch.
Do Winches Run on AC or DC?
It can run both ways. It can either be 12V DC or 110V AC. It largely depends on how powerful you want your winch to be. 12V DC is usually sufficient for lighter-weight loads, while 110V AC is recommended for heavier loads.
Is There Any Way to Use a Lithium Battery to Operate Winch?
Yes, there is. Lithium batteries are becoming increasingly popular for powering ATVs and their winches due to their superior power density and lower weight than conventional lead-acid batteries. However, check your manufacturer’s instructions before attempting to use a lithium battery, as they require special charging procedures and may not always be compatible with your winch.
Do I Need to Grease the Drum of My ATV Winch?
Yes, you do! Greasing the drum will help to reduce frictional wear and prolong the life of your winch. Be sure to use a high-quality grease explicitly designed for winches and consult your manufacturer’s instructions for how often you should be greasing it.
Can I Mount ATV Winch on the Front or Rear of My Vehicle?
It would be smart to put the winch on the front for better control, but you can also put it on the rear. The position of your winch will depend on how often you will use it and how easy it is for you to access it. Since putting at the frontal side provides more weight for better control, it is often suggested as the best option for mounting.
That’s how to install an ATV winch. A winch in your ATV lets you to safely recover stuck vehicles, haul heavy loads and even pull yourself out of tricky terrain. With proper installation and maintenance, a reliable ATV winch can last for years and make your outdoor adventures much more enjoyable.
With the correct tools and step-by-step instructions here, you can easily install an ATV winch on your own. However, it’s important to always reference the manufacturer’s installation manual, understand the ratings of the winch, and use caution when operating it.
Always take safety precautions when working with your ATV winch; never operate it without proper safety gear. Finally, enjoy the outdoors with your new equipment! Have fun exploring!